BARUCH BEN SAMUEL


BARUCH BEN SAMUEL
BARUCH BEN SAMUEL (d. 1834), adventurer and physician. Baruch was born in Pinsk and emigrated to Safed in 1819. The reports of a messenger who traveled from Safed to Yemen and back in 1825 gave rise to wondrous tales about a Jew from the tribe of Dan whom he allegedly met in Yemen and of stories about the "Sons of Moses" and the Ten Tribes. The community of Safed decided to send a messenger to these remote Jews to come to the aid of their brethren in Palestine. They chose Baruch who, in their opinion, possessed the qualities necessary for such a bold undertaking. They gave him a letter addressed to the Ten Tribes and made him swear to devote himself wholly to this task. Baruch started his journey in 1831. His travels took him to Damascus, Aleppo, Kurdistan, Mesopotamia, Baghdad, Basra, Bushire, Muscat, and Aden. Toward the end of 1833 Baruch reached Yemen. The rabbis of San'a received him cordially and one of the members of the community (dayyan Māri Yiḥye al-Abyat) accompanied him to Ḥaydān at the northern extremity of Yemen, where, according to the rumor, the tribe of Dan lived. Baruch and his companion made their way into the desert where they met a shepherd, who appeared to them like a Danite. They gave him the letter and he promised to deliver the answer to them in Ḥaydān. Then Baruch and his companion hurried back to San'a for the autumn Holidays. The Jews of Ḥaydān promised to forward the anticipated answer to San'a, but it never came. When Baruch returned to San'a, he offered to cure the sickly imam of Yemen, al-Mahdi. He hoped thereby to enlist the imam's aid in the completion of his mission. After his recovery, the imam appointed Baruch his court physician. Baruch began to behave haughtily toward the Muslims, and thus aroused their enmity and jealousy. In 1834 Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt attacked Yemen and captured Mocha. Baruch assured the imam that if he would give him an army, he would drive out the conqueror on condition that afterward he himself be appointed the ruler of that city. This proposal served Baruch's   enemies as a pretext for charging him with spying for Egypt. The imam believed this false accusation and in February 1834, during his daily walk in the garden with Baruch, the imam shot his physician. The dying Baruch predicted that the Imam and his family would lose their kingdom. His prediction came true in less than a year. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Saphir, Even Sappir, 1 (1866), 83–86; E. Brauer, Ethnologie der jemenitischen Juden (1934), 42–44; Yaari, Sheluḥei, 147ff. (Yehuda Ratzaby)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baruch, ben-Samuel — (d. 1834)    Adventurer. Born in Pinsk, Russia. Baruch settled in Safad in 1819. Rumours reached the Jewish community there that the remnants of the Lost Tribes, especially the tribe of Dan, were to be found in Yemen. The Safad Jews sent Baruch,… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF MAINZ — (c. 1150–1221), scholar and paytan. Baruch was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha Kohen, whom he succeeded as a member of the bet din of Mainz. There is no basis for Aptowitzer s statement that a dispute for the position between him and his kinsman,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF ALEPPO — (also called Baruch of Greece, or the Sephardi; 1070/80–1130/40), talmudic commentator. It is surmised that he was either from southern Italy or Spain. He immigrated to Ereẓ Israel and then to Aleppo, from where he sent questions to Samuel b. Ali …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baruch ben Samuel of Mainz — (c. 1150 1221)    German talmudist and liturgical poet. He was dayyan of Mainz. His responsa were incorporated in his Sepher ha Hokhmah (The Book of Wisdom). He wrote commentaries on several talmudic tractates, and piyyutim on persecutions of the …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Baruch ben Samuel of Safed — (d. 1834)    Russian physician and rabbinic emissary. He settled in Palestine in 1819. In 1830 he went to Yemen to find the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF WORMS — (late 12th–early 13th century), German tosafist. Although Baruch lived in Worms, he probably came from France and is sometimes referred to as Ha Zarefati ( the Frenchman ). Baruch was a pupil of isaac b. samuel the Elder of Dampierre, and after… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF REGENSBURG — (second half of 12th century), talmudic scholar. He was a member of the bet din of Regensburg, together with isaac b. jacob ha lavan of prague , Abraham ben Moses of Regensburg, and Judah he Ḥasid b. Samuel (Sefer Ḥasidim, ed. by J. Wistinetzki… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baruch ben Isaac — (fl.1200) was a Tosafist and codifier who was born at Worms, but lived at Regensburg; he is sometimes called after the one and sometimes after the other city. A pupil of the great Tosafist Isaac ben Samuel of Dampierre, Baruch wrote Tosafot to… …   Wikipedia

  • BARUCH (BEN ABRAHAM) OF KOSOV — (c. 1725/30–1795), kabbalist. He was a disciple of menahem mendel of Vitebsk and also studied with menahem mendel of Przemyslany for a short while. Baruch became Maggid in Kosov. In his sermons he tried to make the kabbalist doctrine, as taught… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF ALEPPO — (c. 1050–c. 1125), scholar. Baruch appears to have been born in Spain, where he studied together with his younger kinsman baruch b. samuel of Aleppo. From there he went to Aleppo where he was the head of a large yeshivah. From 1085 his signature… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.